Health Equity Report Card: Genesee County

Fast Facts

A

B

C

D

F

No disparity

Disparity ratio: 0.0-1.0

Little disparity

Disparity ratio: 1.1-1.4

Disparity may require intervention

Disparity ratio: 1.5-1.9

Disparity requires intervention

Disparity ratio: 2.0-2.4

Critical disparity, requires immediate intervention

Disparity ratio: ≥ 2.5

Report Card by Location

Letter grades indicate the amount of difference between Genesee County and other populations.

No asterisk (*) indicates other populations face worse outcomes, while those with an asterisk (*) indicate Genesee County faces worse outcomes.

 

A

B

C

D

F

Health Services and Access

Genesee County x Michigan

Flu vaccinations, health insurance coverage, HIV testing, mammography screening, preventable hospital stays

Genesee County x Flint

Health insurance coverage, uninsured

Genesee County x Michigan

Cost-prevented care*, uninsured*

 

   

Socioeconomic Status

Genesee County x Michigan

Bachelor’s degree or higher, median household income, no high school diploma or GED, poverty

Genesee County x Michigan

Unemployment*

Genesee County x Flint

Bachelor’s degree or higher, median household income, no high school diploma/GED

Genesee County x Flint

Poverty, unemployment

 

 

Physical Health

Genesee County x Michigan

Asthma, binge drinking, cigarette smoking, diabetes, disability, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, overweight, physical activity

Genesee County x Flint

Disability

 

 

     

Mental Health

Genesee County x Michigan

Depression, poor mental health, suicides

Genesee County x Flint

Suicides by firearm

Genesee County x Michigan

Suicides by firearm*

 

 

   

Maternal and Child Health

Genesee County x Michigan

Child abuse, children in poverty, child mortality, infant mortality, low birthweight babies, maternal vulnerability

Genesee County x Flint

Low birthweight babies

Genesee County x Michigan

Teenage births*

Genesee County x Flint

Teenage births

 

Genesee County x Flint

Children in poverty, infant mortality

 

 

Health Outcomes

Genesee County x Michigan

Breast cancer mortality, cancer mortality, cardiovascular disease mortality, colorectal cancer mortality, high blood pressure mortality, HIV prevalence, injury deaths, lung cancer mortality, preventable heart disease and stroke deaths, prostate cancer mortality, stroke mortality, years of potential life lost

Genesee County x Flint

Breast cancer mortality, cancer mortality, cardiovascular disease mortality, colorectal cancer mortality, unintentional injury mortality

Genesee County x Michigan

Heart disease mortality, unintentional injury mortality*, years of potential life lost*

Genesee County x Flint

Years of potential life lost

 

Genesee County x Michigan

Homicides*

Genesee County x Flint

Diabetes mortality*

 

Genesee County x Michigan

Diabetes mortality*, homicides by firearm

Genesee County x Flint

Homicides by firearm

Genesee County x Michigan

75% of indicators that show disparity by location have Michigan residents facing better outcomes than Genesee County residents.

 In terms of health services and access, 11.5% of Genesee County residents have experienced cost-prevented care, while the state average for Michigan is 7.9%. Notably, 10.9% of Genesee County residents are uninsured, compared to 7% statewide. These disparities in cost-prevented care and insurance indicate a disparity (B-level), with Genesee County facing worse outcomes that may require intervention.

Unemployment affects a larger percentage of Genesee County residents (8.9%) compared to the overall rate in Michigan (6%). This B-level disparity highlights that Genesee County faces worse outcomes, which may require intervention.

Genesee County has a higher rate of teenage births (25 per 1,000 females aged 15-19) compared to the statewide rate of 17 (per 1,000). This B-level disparity may require intervention.

The rate of suicides by firearm in Genesee County (10.6 per 100,000) is higher than the statewide rate (7 per 100,000). This B-level disparity may require intervention. 

Genesee County experiences a significantly higher rate of diabetes-related mortality (105.4 per 100,000) compared to the state average (26.3 per 100,000). This critical disparity (F-level) requires immediate intervention.

 Homicides by firearm occur at a higher rate in Michigan, with 7.3 per 100,000, compared to the overall rate of 0.4 in Genesee County. This critical disparity (F-level) requires immediate intervention. Homicides occur at a higher rate in Genesee County, with 13 per 100,000, compared to the overall rate of 6 in Genesee County. This disparity (C-level) may require intervention.

Genesee County x Flint

91% of indicators that show disparity by location have Genesee County residents facing better outcomes than Flint residents.

Unemployment affects a larger percentage of Flint residents (19.5%) compared to the overall rate in Genesee County (8.9%). Additionally, 37.3% of Flint residents are experiencing poverty, compared to 18% of Genesee County residents. These socioeconomic status indicators highlight disparities (C-level) that may require intervention.

Flint has a higher rate of teenage births (42.9 per 1,000 females aged 15-19) compared to the rate of 25 in Genesee County. This B-level disparity may require intervention.

Flint has a higher rate of children in poverty (53.2%) compared to Genesee County (24%). Additionally, Flint has a higher rate of infant mortality per 1,000 live births (12.9) compared to Genesee County (6.5). These maternal and child health indicators show disparity at the C-level which may require intervention.

Flint has a higher rate of homicides by firearm (32.5 per 100,000) compared to the rate of 0.4 in Genesee County. This critical disparity (F-level) requires immediate intervention.

Report Card by Race

Letter grades indicate the amount of difference between Black and White populations.

No asterisk (*) indicates the Black population faces worse outcomes, while those with an asterisk (*) indicate the White population faces worse outcomes.

 

A

B

C

D

F

Health Services and Access

Genesee County

Flu vaccinations, health insurance coverage, mammography screening

Flint

Health insurance coverage, uninsured

Genesee County

Cost-prevented care, HIV testing, preventable hospital stays

 

   

Socioeconomic Status

Flint

Median household income, no high school diploma/GED, poverty

Genesee County

Bachelor’s degree or higher, median household income, no high school diploma/GED

Flint

Bachelor’s degree or higher, unemployment

Genesee County

Poverty

Genesee County

Unemployment

 

Physical Health

Genesee County

Asthma, cigarette smoking, diabetes, disability, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, overweight, physical activity

Flint

Disability

Genesee County

Binge drinking*

 

 

   

Mental Health

Genesee County

Depression, poor mental health

 

Genesee County

Suicides*

Flint

Suicides by firearm*

 

 

Maternal and Child Health

Flint

Children in poverty

Genesee County

Child abuse

Flint

Infant mortality, low birthweight babies

Genesee County

Low birthweight babies

Genesee County

Children in poverty, teenage births

Flint

Teenage births

Genesee County

Child mortality, infant mortality

Health Outcomes

Genesee County

Breast cancer mortality, heart disease mortality, injury deaths, lung cancer mortality, prostate cancer mortality, stroke mortality

Flint

Breast cancer mortality, cancer mortality, cardiovascular disease mortality, colorectal cancer mortality, heart disease mortality, unintentional injury mortality

Genesee County

High blood pressure mortality, preventable heart disease/stroke deaths, unintentional injury mortality, years of potential life lost*

Flint

Diabetes mortality, years of potential life lost

 

 

Genesee County

HIV prevalence, homicides, homicides by firearm

Flint

Homicides by firearm

Genesee County (Black x White residents)

87% of indicators that show disparity by race have White residents facing better outcomes than Black residents in Genesee County.

Racial disparities in health services and access are present in Genesee County, with 10.1% of White residents facing cost-prevented care compared to 15.7% of Black residents. Additionally, Black residents experience a higher rate of preventable hospital stays (7,291 per 100,000) compared to White residents (4,365 per 100,000). These racial disparities are at the B-level and may require intervention.

12.1% of Black residents lack a high school diploma or GED compared to 8.3% of White residents in Genesee County. Also, 13.3% of Black residents have a Bachelor’s degree or higher, as compared to 23.1% of White residents in Genesee County. The median household income is $32,600 for Black residents and $55,600 for White residents in Genesee County. These socioeconomic status racial disparities, at the B-level, may require intervention.

In terms of poverty and unemployment32.6% of Black residents are experiencing poverty compared to 13.7% of White residents in Genesee County, indicating a C-level racial disparity that requires intervention. Also, 18.6% of Black residents in Genesee County are unemployed, while only 6.4% of White residents are without work, indicating a D-level racial disparity requiring intervention.

White residents have a higher rate of binge-drinking (16.8%) compared to White residents (10.2%) in Genesee County, indicating a B-level physical health racial disparity that may require intervention.

Maternal and child health racial disparities are present in Genesee County, with Black residents experiencing higher rates of teenage births (46 per 1,000 females aged 15-19) compared to White residents (18 per 1,000). The percentage of Black children in poverty (46%) also is higher than that of White children (18%). These racial disparities (D-level) require intervention. Black residents also experience higher rates of child mortality (120 per 1,000) compared to White residents (40) and higher rates of infant mortality (13 per 1,000 live births) than White residents in Genesee County (3.1). These critical racial disparities in maternal and child health, at the F-level, require immediate intervention.

Black residents have a higher HIV prevalence (453.1 per 100,000), at the F-level, compared to White residents (87 per 100,000) in Genesee County. White residents face higher suicide rates (16 per 100,000), at the C-level, and lower homicide rates (4 per 100,000), at the F-level, compared to Black residents (7 per 100,000) and 46 per 100,000, respectively). These racial disparities require intervention.

Flint (Black x White residents)

89% of indicators that show disparity by race have White residents facing better outcomes than Black residents in Flint.

Socioeconomic racial disparities are present in Flint, with 9.9% of Black residents having a Bachelor’s degree or higher compared to 15% of White residents. Additionally, 23.8% of Black residents are unemployed, while only 13.7% of White residents are unemployed. These C-level socioeconomic racial disparities may require intervention.

Racial disparities in maternal and child health are present in Flint, as Black residents experience a higher rate of infant mortality (14.6 per 1,000 live births) compared to White residents (9.3 per 1,000). Also, Black residents have a higher percentage of low birthweight babies (15.7%) compared to White residents (8.4%). These racial disparities in maternal and child health, at the C-level, should be monitored and may require intervention. Black residents have higher rates of teenage births in Flint (42.9 per 1,000 females aged 15-19) compared to White residents (16.1 per 1,000). This critical racial disparity, at the F-level, requires immediate intervention.

White residents face higher rates of suicides by firearm (9.6 per 100,000) compared to Black residents (4 per 100,000) in Flint. This racial disparity, at the D-level, requires intervention.

Black residents face significantly higher rates of homicides by firearm (42.5 per 100,000) compared to White residents (2.3 per 100,000) in Flint. This critical racial disparity, at the F-level, requires immediate intervention.